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Types Of SSL Certificates : How To Select It ?

SSL can be thought as a digital passport of any business/website. It is a protocol; a set of algorithms designed, managed, and updated time to time to make it robust by Certificate Authorities (CA).

A web server secured by SSL, sent a copy of its certificate to the browser when the connection is established. After that the browser tells the server about the reliability of the certificate then the server forwards the cognizance in a form of a digital signature. As a result, a secured session is established. Hence, a safe communication and data exchange takes place.

It is obvious that by this time when cyber crimes/frauds/attacks are elevating you will be well aware of the need of SSL certificates. Not only it secures the communication and other stuffs it boosts up your conversion rates and customers by creating a trust factor.

Hence, be it any e-business, website, webpage, and web docs, each and every need to be secured via digital certificates. 

Many of you don’t know about how many types of SSL certificates are there and how are they different? Thus, now take a look at its types:

ssl certificate types

1.   Code Signing Certificate:

Digitally signed by an authorized CA, Code signing certificate secures your codes, scripts, sources, and contents of your website. Having approved your digitally signed code by authorized CA ensures customers and end-users that they can download anything fearlessly from your website.

2.   Domain Validation (DV) Certificate:

It is the lowest secure SSL certificate. Why? Because only the domain name is verified and approved. No other background personal as well business verification will be done in this process and hence is cheaper than any other certificate. However, small-scale business websites can benefit from this type of ssl certificate type like having only the transaction page secured and acquiring the trust of the end-users.

3.   Organization Validation (OV) Certificate:

OV SSL is a step forward than DV SSL in terms of reliability and security. CA not only ensures the integrity of the domain, but also verifies your business background. Cross verification of the physical address of your business entity, city, state, and country takes place; that takes up to 5 days. OV helps to attract a large number of crowds of customers than that of DV.

4.   Extended Validation (EV) Certificate:

ev-ssl

As the name suggests, validation in this type of SSL certificate is much more extended. With uncompromising and scrupulous procedure of validation, EV SSL is the most trusted and reliable certificate for all. CAs has strict rules abiding the authentication of yours as well as your business’s peculiarity. It comes with a green bar which is the holy symbol of the most secured and trusted websites over the network.

5.   Wildcard Certificate:

wildcard-ssl

Wildcard SSL is a good money saving package besides fully secured business. Along with securing main domain of your website, it also covers up all sub domains of the first level of that domain. For example, if you have issued a Wildcard SSL certificate for www.yourdomain.com then login.yourdomain.com, store.yourdomain.com, mail.yourdomain.com, livechat.youdomain.com, support.yourdomain.com and discussion.yourdomain.com gets secured with it. It is symbolized by an asterisk (*). The benefits of this type of certificates will be maximum cost saving, quick & easy management and renewal.

6.   SAN (Subject Alternative Name) Certificate:

Sometimes people get confused between Wildcard and SAN SSL certificate. A single wildcard SSL certificate secures your domain and its first level sub-domains, where as a single SAN certificate secures multiple host names on a single base domain. For example, if you have a SAN certificate for www.yourdomain.com then it will also secure www.yourdomain.org, yourdomain.uk. Number of domains secured by SAN merely depends on the brand of the issued certificate.

7.   SGC (Server Gated Cryptography) Certificate:

Server Gated Cryptography, widely known as SGC is the most ancient type of SSL certificate. Invented in 1990’s by Netscape Navigator, it was used by U.S Federal Legislation to export the software securely. SGC helps older browsers with 40-bit encryption versions to jump up to 256-bit encryption to establish an assured connection with SSL encrypted website. Symantec is the leading and most trusted providers of SGC 256-bit SSL certificates. 

Conclusion:

The primary reason to get SSL is to secure the ongoing information between two parties like the browser and the server. Many people have confusion about which is SSL is fit for their business. The above piece of information will help potential buyers to select the best SSL certificates for their website by enhancing their knowledge in a broader sense. Many vendors provide SSL certificates at a lower price, so it is advisable to check for available discounts before getting SSL certificate. Because there are SSL certificates available in the market at price starting from $4 to $1500.

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